Tungsten-Nickel-Carbon (W-Ni-C) Phase Diagram
A vertical section (isopleth) of the tungsten-nickel-carbon (W-Ni-C) phase diagram (see Figure 1) is often used to show what happens if cobalt in the tungsten-cobalt-carbon (W-Co-C) ternary system (the basis for cobalt-bonded WC tools) is completely substituted by nickel.
Nickel moves the favorable FCC + WC region towards lower carbon contents (without decreasing its width) and increases the solid-liquid temperatures.
Figure 1. Vertical section (isopleth) of the tungsten-nickel-carbon (W-Ni-C) ternary system, calculated with Thermo-Calc coupled with SSOL4 thermodynamic database. The nickel content is kept constant at 10 wt. %.
A stoichiometric mixture of WC + 10 wt. % Ni corresponds to approximately 5.52 wt. C; the value which is placed inside the undesirable FCC + graphite + WC field.
For additional information please see the vertical sections (isopleths) of tungsten-cobalt-carbon and tungsten-iron-carbon ternary systems.
• Vertical section (isopleth) of tungsten-nickel-carbon ternary system
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